January 1, 2014

Photos of Victorine?

The photograph above was taken by Félix-Jacques Antoine Moulin in 1852 and is in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF). Art historian Beatrice Farwell believes the woman in the photo is Manet’s model, Victorine Meurent.

Here’s another of Moulin’s photos of the woman Farwell believes is Meurent:


In Farwell’s 1981 dissertation Manet and the Nude, a Study in Iconography in the Second Empire, she makes the case that Félix-Jacques Antoine Moulin photographed Victorine Meurent many times in 1852-53, and that the woman in those photos is “almost certainly” Manet’s famous model—even though Manet did not begin to paint Meurent until 1862. Farwell writes that she does not want to “belabor the resemblance, as any viewer will immediately be convinced or not.”

I find it all pretty convincing.

Recently, though, another photograph of Victorine Meurent appeared on the Web. Wikipedia added the image below to its page on Victorine Meurent. (I can’t tell you when it was added—I just know the photo wasn’t there the last time I looked at the Wikipedia entry.) The caption says the photo comes from an album belonging to Manet:

Victorine Meurent, c. 1865, from an album belonging to Édouard Manet (BNF)

Victorine Meurent, c. 1865 (BNF)

Hmm. This woman is dressed so primly that it’s hard for me to reconcile her image with the woman Manet painted over and over. Still, it’s hard to argue with a photo that was actually in Manet’s album. And I do think the woman above looks like the redhead in Manet’s The Railway (also known as Gare Saint-Lazare):


So who was Victorine, really?

Two Victorines?

To further confuse thing, here’s another of Moulin’s photos from 1852 that resembles both the reclining nude and the prim image from Manet’s album:

Photo by Félix-Jacques Antoine Moulin (BNF)

Join the conversation! 3 Comments

  1. You should take into account, that Victorine Meurent was born in 1844. In 1852 she was just an 8-year old girl.

  2. […] written before about art historian Beatrice Farwell’s theory that Félix-Jacques-Antoine Moulin photographed […]


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About Maureen Gibbon

Writer. Author of the novels Swimming Sweet Arrow, Thief, Paris Red.

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Art, Artifacts


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